April 16th, 2013 by Doree
The board of Woodland Park Zoo has appointed a panel of community leaders to evaluate all aspects of the zoo’s elephant program and exhibit, from the elephants’ health and care, to the value of having elephants at the zoo, as well as the zoo’s education and conservation objectives.
Chai, WPZ’s 34-year-old female Asian elephant. Photo by Ryan Hawk, Woodland Park Zoo.
The task force will meet for the first time from 4-7 p.m. this Thursday at the Central Library downtown, 1000 4th Ave., in the Washington Mutual Foundation Room (Level 4, Meeting Room 1). The meeting is open to the public. Written comments from the public will be accepted and made part of the record, but this is not a public hearing. Task force meetings also will be videotaped and posted on the task force website.
The task force is co-chaired by Jan Hendrickson, co-founder of Denny Hill Capital and a former WPZ board chair; and Jay Manning, an environmental attorney and former chief of staff to Gov. Christine Gregoire.
Other task force members include:
- Marianne Bichsel, founder and president of Bichsel Public Affairs and former senior advisor to Seattle Mayor Greg Nickels;
- Grant Degginger, chair of the Construction and Environmental Practice Group at Lane Powell PC in Seattle and former Bellevue mayor and city council member;
- Gene Duvernoy, president of Forterra, a regional organization dedicated to land conservation;
- Ellen Ferguson, director of community relations at the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture;
- Annette Laico, executive director of the Progressive Animal Welfare Society (PAWS);
- Jeff Leppo, a law partner in the Seattle office of Stoel Rives LLP, specializing in environmental, wildlife and natural resources law;
- Rob Liddell, M.D., medical director for Center for Diagnostic Imaging Seattle, and founding member of Woodland Park Zoo’s Conservation Committee;
- Jeannie Nordstrom, community volunteer and YWCA board member; Bryce Seidl, president and CEO of the Pacific Science Center;
- Andrew Shouse, Ph.D., associate director of the University of Washington Institute for Science and Math Education;
- Lyn Tangen, former senior director, Corporate Communications, for Vulcan Inc., and legal advisor to Mayor Paul Schell;
- Suzanne Walsh, senior program officer in education at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation;
- Bryan Slinker, D.V.M. Ph.D., dean of the college of veterinary medicine at Washington State University.
Bichsel, Leppo, Liddell and Slinker are current members of the zoo’s board of directors. The task force is expected to name a separate panel of experts to focus on the health and care of the zoo’s elephants.
Tags: elephants, woodland park zoo
December 15th, 2012 by Doree
Friends of Woodland Park Zoo Elephants will hold a rally today in support of releasing the zoo’s elephants to a sanctuary.
The rally will take place at the zoo’s south entrance, at North 50th Street and Fremont Avenue North, from 12-2 p.m.
Tags: elephants, Friends of Woodland Park Zoo Elephants, woodland park zoo
December 5th, 2011 by Doree
The Woodland Park Zoo last night again performed an artificial insemination procedure on 32-year-old Asian elephant Chai.
Photo by Ryan Hawk, Woodland Park Zoo.
From the press release:
Semen for the procedure was contributed by a 13-year-old bull at ABQ BioPark Zoo in Albuquerque, N.M. With no offspring to date, the bull is genetically valuable to the North American population of elephants.
“It will be approximately 15 to 16 weeks before we can confirm a pregnancy by ultrasound and through hormonal changes in Chai,” explained Dr. Nancy Hawkes, the zoo’s general curator and resident expert in elephant reproduction. The gestation period for elephants is 22 months. “If Chai is pregnant, we would expect her to give birth in late 2013.”
Dr. Dennis Schmitt, a leading expert in elephant reproductive physiology and a professor of animal science at Missouri State University, joined the zoo’s elephant management and animal health staff in performing the artificial insemination.
Chai has been inseminated with this state-of-the art and proven technique during 10 ovulation cycles since 2005 but only one has resulted in a pregnancy. “Her pregnancy in 2008, unfortunately, ended in an early miscarriage, which is not uncommon in mammals, especially during the first trimester,” said Hawkes.
Hawkes said that animal welfare is the principal goal of the zoo and its effort to inseminate Chai. “It’s enriching for the herd to include calves and this technique allows us to help females get pregnant without needing to transport them to another institution that houses bulls, spending months away from their home and social group,” said Hawkes.
Woodland Park Zoo remains committed to sustaining a genetically healthy population of elephants in zoos by participating in the Species Survival Plan (SSP) for elephants.
Chai was the mother of Hansa, a female elephant who was born at the zoo in 2000 and died unexpectedly at 6½ years old from a newly discovered elephant herpesvirus. “A baby would help us begin to re-build a multigenerational social group here at the zoo,” said Hawkes.
Tags: artificial insemination, Chai, elephants, woodland park zoo
July 15th, 2011 by Doree
Members of Friends of Woodland Park Zoo Elephants and Sound Animal Rights Alliance will demonstrate in front of Woodland Park Zoo this afternoon, to renew their calls for the zoo to send its three elephants to The Elephant Sanctuary in Tennessee.
An airplane also will fly over the zoo and surrounding areas, pulling a banner that says “Zoo Elephants Suffer.”
Demonstrators will be in front of the zoo’s West Entrance on Phinney Avenue North at North 55th Street from 4-6 p.m. The banner will fly over from 5-6 p.m.
“When people see the aerial message, we hope they will contact the Seattle City Council and WPZ to ask for the release of these long-suffering elephants to the Sanctuary,” FWPZE member Sandy Clinton said in a press release.
More from the Friends of Woodland Park Zoo Elephants press release:
According to scientists, animal experts and WPZ’s own medical records Bamboo, Watoto and Chai suffer from captivity-induced ailments including crippling arthritis and chronic foot infections. These are directly caused by lack of space and severe confinement which will likely lead to premature death.
The three elephants display severe neurotic behaviors such as swaying, pacing in circles and head bobbing; all signs of serious distress. According to behavioral experts like Dr. Gay Bradshaw, “stereotypies are a common symptom of people in prisons as well as animals in zoos. They are a coping mechanism that helps to protect the mind against unbearable stress and trauma.”
Tags: demonstration, elephants, Friends of Woodland Park Zoo Elephants, protest, Sound Animal Rights Alliance, woodland park zoo, zoo
June 9th, 2011 by Doree
The Woodland Park Zoo yesterday performed an artificial insemination procedure on Chai, the zoo’s 32-year-old Asian elephant. The zoo says the semen used for the procedure was from a 13-year-old bull at Albuquerque Biological Park Zoo. It will be about 15-16 weeks before the zoo can confirm if Chai becomes pregnant from the procedure. The gestation period for elephants is 22 months.
Photo by Dennis Dow, Woodland Park Zoo.
From the zoo’s press release:
Chai has been inseminated with this proven technique during nine ovulation cycles since 2005 but only one has resulted in a pregnancy. The pregnancy, in 2008, unfortunately ended in an early miscarriage, which is not uncommon in mammals, especially during the first trimester.
“Artificially inseminating an elephant is a technique that enhances animal welfare,” said Dr. Nancy Hawkes, the zoo’s general curator and resident expert in elephant reproduction. It’s enriching for the herd to include calves and this technique allows us to help females get pregnant without needing to transport them to another institution that houses bulls, spending months away from their home and social group.
“The new technology was developed less than 20 years ago by scientists at Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research of Berlin,” explained Hawkes. “Because female elephants have a very complex reproductive system, we combine endoscope-guided technology with precise hormonal and ultrasound data to pinpoint ovulation and time the procedures accordingly.” More than 20 elephant calves have been born over the last 10 years through artificial insemination.
“A baby would help us begin to re-build a multigenerational social group here at the zoo,” said Hawkes. Chai was the mother of Hansa, a female elephant who was born at the zoo in 2000 and died unexpectedly at 6½ years old from a newly discovered elephant herpesvirus.
As elephants in the wild continue to face extreme pressure from conflicts with humans, elephants in zoos are effective conservation ambassadors for their cousins in the wild. “As the pressures of habitat loss and human-elephant conflicts continue to escalate at an alarming rate, the role of zoos is more critical now than ever before,” said Marc Ancrenaz, director of the Hutan Asian Elephant Conservation project. “In zoos accredited by the Association of Zoos & Aquariums, elephants play an important role as conservation emissaries. Seeing, hearing, and experiencing these striking animals up close can help zoo-goers make an emotional connection and be inspired to take action to protect elephants in the wild.”
The group called Friends of Woodland Park Zoo Elephants today issued its own press release, stating that the risk of passing along the herpesvirus again was too great.
From Friends of Woodland Park Zoo Elephants’ press release:
WPZ is a herpes-infected environment. WPZ’s records for Watoto dated May 5, 2008 state Watoto tested “positive for EEHV3a virus in her blood.”
Dr. Jennifer Conrad, DVM, an expert elephant veterinarian said: “Woodland Park Zoo is a herpes exposed facility and therefore the zoo should no longer engage in an Asian elephant breeding program. The simple truth is the risk of death for the offspring is too great.”
There is no cure for EEHV and WPZ has no infection control in place. Chai could pass the herpesvirus to her own fetus.
Elephant herpesvirus attacks the internal organs causing massive hemorrhaging and a painful, gruesome death. “To even take a chance of causing another defenseless calf such a horrific death is unconscionable and unethical” says Nancy Pennington, co-founder of Friends of Woodland Park Zoo Elephants. Herpesvirus is not a threat to wild elephants.
Tags: Chai, elephants, woodland park zoo
March 14th, 2011 by Doree
Last weekend, elephant management and animal health staff at Woodland Park Zoo artificially inseminated 32-year-old Asian elephant Chai.
Dr. Dennis Schmitt (standing, in maroon shirt), a leading expert in elephant reproductive physiology, helped the zoo’s elephant management and animal health staff artificially inseminate Chai. Photo by Dennis Dow, courtesy Woodland Park Zoo.
From the press release:
“The world’s leading experts on elephant health and breeding, including the Asian Elephant Species Survival Plan, recommend that we breed Chai again, by artificial insemination,” explained Dr. Nancy Hawkes, the zoo’s General Curator and resident expert in elephant reproductive physiology. “A baby would be socially enriching not only for Chai, but for the herd. A successful pregnancy and birth would help us begin to re-build a multigenerational social group here at the zoo.”
A 12-year-old bull at Albuquerque Biological Park Zoo contributed the semen. With no offspring to date, he is genetically valuable to the North American population of elephants.
The gestation period for elephants is 22 months. It will be approximately 15 to 16 weeks before the zoo can confirm a pregnancy by ultrasound and through hormonal changes in Chai. If she is pregnant, her due date will be in early 2013. The last artificial insemination procedure on Chai was done last year in June. It did not result in a pregnancy.
Only 30,000-50,000 Asian elephants remain in the wild, scattered across fragmented habitats in 13 Asian countries. The greatest threat to Asian elephants is habitat loss, which inevitably results in conflicts with farmers, villagers and plantation owners, resulting in human casualties and elephant deaths. Human-elephant conflict is the most widespread and difficult issue to tackle for elephants in Asia. Saving elephants requires a network of key players, including AZA zoos, conservation non-governmental organizations, government and international agencies, businesses, and range country elephant experts to collaborate and strategically work together.
Chai previously gave birth to a female, Hansa, in 2000. Hansa died suddenly 6-1/2 years later from a newly discovered elephant herpesvirus.
Tags: elephants, woodland park zoo, zoo
June 30th, 2010 by Doree
The Animal Legal Defense Fund yesterday filed a lawsuit against the City of Seattle over what it calls Woodland Park Zoo’s poor treatment of its elephants. The suit was brought ”against the Zoo for its ongoing failure to provide proper and humane facilities for the elephants in its care, resulting in a decline in their health and well being,” according to a press release.
Our news partners, The Seattle Times, has a full story here.
In more zoo elephant news, Friends of Woodland Park Zoo Elephants is having a “Stripped Down Elephant Event” from 4-6 p.m. on Friday, July 9, in front of the zoo’s north entrance.
The 3 Woodland Park Zoo elephants will be represented by 3 beautiful, stripped down girl “elephants”. One girl will be caged in a 4’ x 4’ enclosure; the human equivalent to the elephants’ barn stall. All 3 girls will perform neurotic behaviors exhibited by Bamboo, Chai and Watoto.
The 2,700 acre Elephant Sanctuary has offered to give our elephants a home for life. Come show your support for the Zoo to make this humane decision.
Tags: animal rights, elephants, woodland park zoo, zoo
March 17th, 2010 by Doree
The Seattle Times reports that an animal rights organization, In Defense of Animals (IDA), has filed a complaint with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, claiming that Woodland Park Zoo’s elephant breeding program violates the federal Animal Welfare Act.
The complaint, filed Wednesday, comes after the zoo announced it had artificially inseminated its elephant Chai.
“It is grossly irresponsible for the Woodland Park Zoo to continue breeding elephants, knowing that any infant born there faces a high risk of disease and death,” said Catherine Doyle, IDA campaign director, in a release. “IDA is calling on the USDA to stop the reckless breeding of elephants in herpes-affected zoos.”
Read reporter Susan Gilmore’s full article here.
Tags: elephants, zoo
March 11th, 2010 by Doree
Woodland Park Zoo elephant management staff performed an artificial insemination procedure on Chai, the zoo’s 31-year-old Asian elephant.
(Photo by Ric Brewer, Woodland Park Zoo.)
“This insemination comes at the recommendation of the world’s leading experts on elephant health and breeding, and is a continuation of Woodland Park Zoo’s longstanding commitment to preserving this endangered species,” said Dr. Nancy Hawkes, the zoo’s general curator, in a press release.
According to the release, the semen donor was a 12-year-old bull at Albuquerque Biological Park. That bull is considered genetically valuable because he has not yet sired any offspring.
The zoo will monitor Chai’s hormone levels closely over the next few months and hopes to verify a pregnancy by ultrasound in approximately 15 to 16 weeks. The gestation period of elephants is 22 months. If pregnant, Chai’s due date will be in early 2012. The last artificial insemination procedure on Chai was done in January 2008, which resulted in a pregnancy but unfortunately ended in a miscarriage during the first trimester.
The assisted reproduction procedure signals the zoo’s ongoing commitment to breeding Asian elephants, inspiring visitors to care about elephants and protecting elephants in the wild. The non-invasive technique uses new technology developed within the last decade. It offers a safe alternative for elephants (cows) to become pregnant without needing to travel to another institution and spend months away from their social group.
Chai gave birth to Hansa in 2000, but Hansa died six-and-a-half years later from a herpes virus. Chai became pregnant again from an insemination procedure in January 2008, but miscarried.
You can see the full press release here.
On a related note, animal rights advocates that have long called for the zoo to both end its breeding program and send its elephants to a sanctuary in Tennessee, plan to protest the zoo’s spring fundraiser in Fremont tonight.
Tags: elephants, protest, zoo
March 10th, 2010 by Doree
Members of an animal rights advocate group will demonstrate on behalf of Woodland Park Zoo’s elephants in conjunction with the zoo’s annual spring fundraiser Thursday night.
The zoo’s thrive! fundraiser is at 6 p.m. at Fremont Studios, 155 N. 35th St. Sound Animal Rights Alliance (SARA) will demonstrate beginning at 5 p.m. SARA is calling for the retirement of the zoo elephants to The Elephant Sanctuary in Tennessee.
Tags: elephants, protest, WPZ, zoo
July 9th, 2009 by Doree
The Sound Animal Rights Alliance (SARA), will be protesting outside the Woodland Park Zoo on Friday evening. SARA wants WPZ to halt its elephant breeding program and send its three elephants to an elephant sanctuary in Tennessee.
SARA is calling for the Zoo to end its elephant breeding program. Two years ago, six-year old Asian elephant, Hansa, died at the Zoo from an elephant herpes virus. Experts believed she caught the virus from one of the Zoo’s other elephants. Zoo records have now confirmed that its African elephant, Watoto, is infected with the same virus that killed Hansa, EEHV3. There is no cure for herpes so Watoto can infect other vulnerable elephants. Captive Asian elephants under 10 years old are the most likely to get sick and die from these viruses. “Woodland Park Zoo is a herpes-exposed facility,” says Nancy Farnam, SARA’s Director. “Bringing another Asian elephant calf into this infected environment is begging for another tragic death to occur”, she added.
The protest is from 5-6:30 p.m. outside the North Entrance at N. 59th St. and Evanston Ave. N., and SARA invites anyone to join them.
Tags: elephants, zoo